What Causes Female Infertility?

Infertility is the inability to get pregnant after a year of unprotected intercourse. Many couples in our life are affected by infertility. Both men and women can be infertile. According to the clinical survey, 1/3 of the diagnosis is due to female infertility. What causes female infertility?

1. Hormone Problems

The process of ovulation depends on a complicated balance of hormones. Any disruption in this process can make influence on ovulation. For example, polycystic ovary syndrome, the most common disorder, includes symptoms such as amenorrhoea, hirsutism, anovulation and infertility. This syndrome is characterized by a reduced production of FSH, and normal or increased levels of LH, oestrogen and testosterone. Furthermore, malfunction of the hypothalamus and dysfunction of the pituitary gland may also lead to failed ovulation.

2. Ovary Problems

Extensive or invasive surgeries, or other physical damage to the ovaries may cause follicles unable to mature properly and no ovulation.

3. Follicle Problems

“Unruptured follicle syndrome” occurs in women who produce a normal follicle, with an egg inside of it. But every month the follicle fails to rupture and the egg remains inside the ovary leading to failed ovulation.

4. Fallopian Tubes Problems

The main causes of fallopian tubes problems are as follows: infection caused by both bacteria and viruses; abdominal diseases such as appendicitis and colitis; pelvic or abdominal surgery; ectopic pregnancy; congenital defects.

These cases which can affect the fallopian tubes will result in blockage so that eggs cannot travel through the fallopian tubes.

5. Endometrium Problems

10 percent of infertile couples are affected by endometriosis. For women with endometriosis, the chance of getting pregnant monthly diminishes by 12 to 36%.

6. Other Diseases

Fibroid, polyps and adenomyosis may lead to obstruction of the uterus and fallopian tubes. Congenital abnormalities, such as septate uterus, may lead to recurrent miscarriages or infertility.

7. Drugs, smoking, alcohol, environmental and occupational factors may also impact fertility.

This article is contributed by ReLife International Medical Center. For more details on the medical services provided, please kindly consult us. We are happy to provide a medical solution for your inquiry.