Drinking – alcohol can reduce fertility in both men and women. It is not yet understood exactly how alcohol affects fertility but studies have shown drinking alcohol reduces the chances of a woman conceiving. In men, heavy drinking may affect sperm quality which can impact on chances of a successful pregnancy.
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Ways to boost fertility
Having sex every two or three days gives the best chance of conceiving. Doctors say you don’t need to aim for an ‘ovulation window’ (the time in a woman’s cycle when she’s most likely to ovulate).
Avoid smoking. This can damage a man’s sperm, and women who smoke take longer to conceive.
Testicles should be one or two degrees cooler than the rest of a man’s body, so avoid tight underwear or clothes.
Be a healthy weight. Being under or overweight can lower conception chances.
Keep as healthy as possible and deal with stress.
Source: NHS Choices
Bad timing – an egg is fertilised when a man’s sperm meets the woman’s egg at about the time of ovulation, which is when the egg is released from the ovaries. Women mostly ovulate once during each cycle, and the most likely time for conception is 14 days before a period.
Stress – Worry and tension can cause hormonal changes in the body, which can lead to fertility problems.
Sexually Transmitted Infections – Chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) as well as fallopian tube infection in women. Both may cause permanent damage to the fallopian tubes and uterus, leading to infertility. Gonorrhoea can also cause PID and reduce fertility in men as well.
Unhealthy body weight – If you’re very underweight it can be more difficult to conceive. Being obese may also cause problems with conceiving.
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